Notice of 2015 Annual (UK) National Research Foundation Art project application announcement


     The essence of education is Liren, its core meaning is to promote human subjectivity, leading their self-development, dynamic growth and innovative development. Real meaning of education is to provide opportunities and services for every student of the subject development. Education is the foundation for the development of student life and the foundation for a lifetime of education.

After the Industrial Revolution, the United Kingdom from an island into a European power and eventually become overlord of the world, by virtue of which it created a new system of civilization, and this civilization has been leading the trend of human progress, attracting the world fight phase to follow. From the land area and population and other conditions, the United Kingdom is at best a medium-sized country, therefore, the rise of Britain has an important contribution to the world, meaning its rise case is multifaceted.

Behind the rise of Britain, it has its profound national culture genes. British conservative tradition known, but British conservatism inherent in innovation, innovation embodies a conservative, it is an inclusive and comprehensive culture. Britain's unique culture, a profound impact on education in the UK for UK education offers a rich and solid spiritual and material resources.

First, the cultural characteristics of the British-based education

1. --- Features of each school has its own school characteristics.
Language UK primary and secondary schools, you will find that is not luxurious, but still give you in shock, whether visual or culture, so that you feel every school is unique, their own characteristics. Britain was launched in 1994 "Featured Schools Project", to promote the implementation of the 2003 round, the purpose of a special school for the promotion of basic education level and the type of development that is particularly special characteristics of high school, instead of the traditional comprehensive high school, which is having a Pioneering Significance initiatives. Special characteristics of the subjects selected by the schools themselves planning to build its own characteristics, and achieve the goal of upgrading the standard. British brand school's "characteristics" are: art, business, engineering, anthropology, language, mathematics, music, science, sports, special education, technical and vocational education and other cities. Secondary specialized characteristics necessary to the development of characteristic subjects, but also to meet the requirements of national standard curriculum, to achieve broad and balanced quality holistic education goals. The project was planned in 2008 completed characteristic school, but fewer than 2000. According to Bureau of Investigation educational standards, comprehensive school after the transition to special characteristics of middle school students of the examination results have been significantly improved.
2. Selective --- every child has excellent development potential and choices.
Life is the art of possibility, education is the possibility of human life in the service of choice. People's interest, potential, vision, mission and so different, so the development of human possibilities vary. British education "that create opportunities for all members of society, to develop their potential and achieve excellence" for the purpose, that "to help students develop personal skills, training to contribute to society," the objective of education, attention to student individual differences, concerned about the students emotional experience, respect their dignity , attention to student learning state, the implementation of flexible educational system, enforce compulsory education (5-15 years) after graduation, there are two years (16-17 years) for the future development decisions, the university entrance exam is willing to continue on to college learning university admission free courses (ie A-Level courses), is willing to seek a job on the vocational education programs (vocational school or corporate training schools), willing to play and have the economic ability, you can travel around the world, and then wait for hours want to continue to learn, 30-year-old university is also OK, read the master 50-year-old also, because learning itself is a way of life.
3. Subject --- Every child is ownership of British society.
Promote the subjectivity of students, help enhance a sense of ownership and social responsibility to guide students the mission era. Britain's primary and secondary school education has always been to give top priority to the development of the subjectivity of students, to shape the character as an important educational content, with particular attention the students personality autonomy, initiative and creative development, and foster students' personality by shaping the character. In curriculum design, special emphasis on the role of sports courses that students have a healthy body, sound in mind, there is a strong effort will be directed to health activities. Sports courses help students sense of competition fair and tenacious spirit, help develop the ability to coordinate individual and collective interests, maintaining the spirit of collective honor, helping to train and control their abilities, the pursuit of freedom and others to comply with the order of Student Management character, respect for others and not blindly quality.
4. Diversity --- Every child is unique life and unique spirit.
Britain is an international big country. Due to the different color, nationality, ethnic origin, language, educational background, cultural tradition and religious affiliation as well as environmental factors such as geography, the diversity of the British School Students prominent exception. Thus, the diversity of traits British schooling is also extremely prominent. British government to implement "inclusive education", "One Less" philosophy of education, in 2003 promulgated the "Every Child Matters: for the children and change the" Green Paper that student diversity, diversity is the education an important resource. This provides theoretical support for the British schooling. British schooling openness, flexibility, well adapted to the diversity of needs of students, provide a good opportunity to education for every child. Schools in the UK, only for a special needs child and ask a teaching assistant, specializes in providing help for the children to learn, regardless of your nationality, regardless of your faith, regardless of your skin color, as long as you really need, you will to be respected, because you want to get the premise of the full development of every child is to make each child's actual needs respected.
5. Fairness --- every child receive the best attention and given an opportunity to show.
Educational equity is the foundation of social equity, is modern society's most important human rights embodied. Whether it is fair educational opportunities, educational process was fair, equitable education results or equitable allocation of educational resources for individuals, families and children, have had a significant impact. UK Government: Mission UK primary and secondary schools is to let the children in school, spent the best time of his life, the school regarded as the most beautiful place in the child's life before. Each school's facilities are standard settings are practical, applicable and enough, no walls, have a great piece of grassy playground, organic coincide with the natural environment, plain, easy, simple and beautiful. British primary school student population in general about 200 people, the number of students in primary and secondary schools in general about 500 people, are taking small class teaching (about 15-30 people), which are involved in learning for each student provides a good condition.

Second, the British-based educational and cultural characteristics of the Research and Analysis
1. Feelings from the aristocracy.
British social advocate aristocratic culture, worship chivalry, advocate gentleman. In the monarchy period, the aristocratic ruling class British society, at the top of society, is the leading force in British society. Now practiced is not a republic but a constitutional monarchy, aristocracy culture is still accepted and worshiped as the British people, the British social mainstream culture. Fair competition, self-control, humiliation, cautious and conservative gentleman became a British national character. In the UK, the gentleman that everyone can be obtained through their own efforts, is the way the British people realize the nobility Complex. If 10 successful British football won the British royal family issued a knighthood.
2. From the cultural tradition
Britain is considered conservative can accomplish tradition, years can achieve classic, naturalists can accomplish culture. Britons also believed that classical humanities helps cultivate humanity, humanistic value it has the character of a gentleman of culture is essential. Thus in the curriculum, classical humanities courses in elementary education in the UK has been occupying a very important position, believing that "among the virtuous classical, classical to reflect on history and life." 900 years of history into the British university city of Oxford and Cambridge city eight hundred years, heavy sense of history while showing a collegial spirit, and perhaps find the answer to Britain once powerful. Professor, University of Warwick, when the town took us to a place called Broadway (broadway) visit, the first sentence tells us that there's a building straw house 800 years ago, and now finally understand the truth.
3. From the Humane Care
Britain is to emphasize the core of humanism return of human nature, respect for the individual and personal values ​​and the pursuit of independence and freedom of the individual. British humanism that man is the starting point and destination of education, the real purpose of education is the discovery of human values, to explore the human potential, development of the human personality, to develop people's strength, improve people's quality. British schools always reflect the spirit of humanism. British Schools focus on the free development of the personality of students, providing them with modern teaching facilities, the introduction of new teaching methods, so that respect for individual students. In the UK there is a flashing yellow traffic light, known as "King of Light", as long as people go through, motor vehicles and unconditional stop to the line, every day we go through this, "King Light", was particularly impressed, lamented the British Humanist reflect to the extreme.
4. from innovation capability
Britain is the world's first proposed the development of a low-carbon economy, low carbon economy as a national strategy and to develop a national roadmap for a low carbon economy and the related policy measures. In the global ranking of national innovation capacity, ranking the UK many times, in addition to high quality national science and technology, there are national innovation systems science. A good country necessarily requires outstanding universities, national development needs excellent universities have excellent ability to innovate. Former Chancellor of Oxford University (colin lucas) said a word, the "University is the lighthouse society" that the University led social development. Oxford open research integration, social science and technology development has played a wasp of action. British High School Education A-Levels system, is a British university entrance examinations, and there is the professional's choice to the students, so that students according to interests and hobbies to choose a professional, leading the pursuit of innovation of student life, hence the "gold standard," said.