Continuing Education


     British Continuing Education

Britain produced a change in the field of continuing education, involving educational administration, education management, capital investment, curriculum and continuing education teacher education and training, change is the transition from the educational philosophy and government. The Government also special attention to students with special needs.

UK institutions in the field of continuing education, management, finance, curriculum and teacher training, a series of changes, while offering a comprehensive improvement in the field of continuing education.

First, the structural adjustment
Continuing Education
Divided Advanced Continuing Education Advanced Further Education referred AFE advanced continuing education and non-NonAdvanced Further Education referred NAFE. School principal provides advanced continuing education or public institution of higher education is multidisciplinary technical colleges and higher education institutions. While providing non-advanced continuing education Non-Advanced Further Education referred NAFE mainly Continuing Education College Institute of Technology and Higher Education.
Continuing education major institutional  three categories
Technical College 1) Continuing Education  include such as art and design schools, agricultural and horticultural colleges
2) College of Higher Education
3) Sixth Form College

Second, decision management and funding further education colleges borne by the multi-
Including the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Employment, the Commission continues to fund education, the local Advisory Committee, local education authorities, training and business committees.

Third, the curriculum
Curriculum design of continuing education depends on the main examination and audit institutions. Mainly on a commercial basis, the relationship between them is competitive, and less susceptible to the impact of policies. The main provider of vocational qualifications is a British teacher education center, continuing education teacher training programs, in addition to more than 200 other examination bodies, most with professional bodies responsible for specific areas relative to the joint development of standards. They gradually examination that the establishment of the framework of the National Vocational Qualifications Committee. School of Continuing Education also offers
Academic and non-professional courses, the other half of the National Certificate of Education Ordinary Level A students from continuing education.

General courses can be divided into three categories 
1) Academic Curriculum
2) specific professional training
3) vocational general education
Continuing education teacher training programs and the general national vocational qualification certificate, the courses added some key capabilities of training, such as communication skills, digital, information technology, social, economic and corporate awareness, also includes aesthetic and moral education and self-development of individuals opportunities. Further education colleges have increased the skills and knowledge of learning and work-related. Since the introduction of full-time college programs, college take a variety of ways to increase educational experience, providing Sixth Form College and the addition of a sixth-grade science at best college.

Fourth, students
Continuing education in England and Wales is currently the number of students has more than 2.8 million. Student age range is 16-90 years old, 16-19 years old accounted for the vast majority of students, sixth grade school after entering the field of continuing education, the number is greatly increased.

 two  students with special needs
Such as ethnic minorities, women and special students pay more attention to the students of minority communities, in the curriculum and teaching methods taking into account their backgrounds and educational needs. In recent years, as a student of women than men, and therefore increase the target of continuing education for women. There are special requirements for continuing education learners who are handicapped and learning difficulties.
 three  Continuing Education is compulsory for school dropouts also provide dovetail with the school curriculum courses these students tend to have less interest in learning the problem of insufficient motivation   recruit these students based solely on their interests  not according to the rules of the market.
 four  a small part of continuing education for the lower levels of education offered  called advanced continuing education and its curriculum standards National Certificate of Education A higher than normal level and contrast levels equivalent to vocational education.
Fifth, teacher education and training continuing education teacher training school is not compulsory range. Continuing Education offers continuing education teacher training programs. The current training continuing education teachers are divided into two categories; pre-service and in-service teachers. The former full-time college students into learning year, obtain postgraduate certificate of education. The latter is a part-time course is to obtain continuing education teacher training programs.

Britain's continuing education requirements for teachers can generally be divided 
1) learn a lot from the traditional teaching methods  teaching to the study type, to mentor, to individual counseling
2) As the complexity of the development of modular curriculum structure   prefer the pressure of employers, School of Management, Learning Management, etc.  therefore more urgent
3) As more and more ways of using mentor teacher so learning methods   instructor training program
4) update teaching material and methods  especially information technology. Faculty development programs also have some assessment agency  The best example of this is the general national vocational qualification certificate factory training. Continuing Education faculty comparative neglect as teaching staff and technicians training and education.

Sixth, internal management
British Academy of regulatory agencies have unique characteristics. Further education colleges and sixth-grade school in the capital due heed to the Fund Committee  therefore tends independence. 1992 Act changed so that the status of manager  become common representative business and commerce. Such SRI  government given responsibility to college administrators have to monitor their activities  use efficiency and effectiveness of resources to ensure their solvency   protect their assets go to the Fund Committee. Managers also arrange strategic planning, property management, personnel management.

Seven prospects
And the future will continue to change  and occupy a more important position in the whole field of education in the field of continuing education the UK has undergone a tremendous change . The original was renamed the Ministry of Education and Science Education and Skills  in functional departments were also reorganized  the original part of UNESCO concerning the employment section of the functions of the Ministry of Employment was placed under the jurisdiction of  while adding the Ministry of Higher Education and Lifelong Learning ʱ?? Previous studies are often conducted  in a particular college and the research project may have done elsewhere  which resulted in the unnecessary duplication and waste. Future research will have more groups to join  as
College, university sources, the Ministry of Employment, Trade and Enterprise (DTI) and other funds will also   more diversified type of cooperation, mutual benefit research and development.

After  in training goal is not only to train highly targeted job training and the ability to   well-educated and flexible and adaptable workforce. Also  continuing education will remain with the business in the future closer contact   carry out more cooperation projects to enable enterprises to obtain the integration of the labor needed to train pre-service business after  actively follow up the pace of change.